The exceptionally good natural conditions of the Crimea contributed greatly to its development and prosperity throughout its history. During half-forgotten millenniums and centuries numerous tribes and peoples inhabited the land of Crimea. States here emerged and died settlements and cities appeared and disappeared. And each nation has left its own trace..
You can find here signs of main antiquity civilizations (Ancient Greek, Roman, Persian), Middle Ages ( Byzantine, Moslem, Italian, Old Russian). They met and came into contact with traditions of indigenous peoples. Homer in his "Odyssey" described its earliest settlers - the Cimmerians. The father of history, Herodotus, was the first to make written mention of the peninsula as "the mountainous country inhabited by Tauri tribe". Scythians lived here for about 1000 years and their capital Neapolis was situated not far from the modern Crimean capital Simferopol.


In the 6th and 5th centuries B C Greeks established a lot of towns-colonies along the Crimean coast. The most famous were Chersonesus near Sevastopol) and the capital of Bosporian Kingdom - Panticapeum (near Kerch). In the I-st century AC Roman legionnaires had their fortress of Kharaks on the southern coast. Throughout its dramatic history the Crimea saw a līt of travelers and a lot of possessors.
During the Great Migrations the Crimean plains and mountains were a home of Alans, Sarmatians, Goths and Huns, and some of them constructed the cave towns and fortresses to crown its mountains. It was once the part of the Byzantine Empire and in 988 A C sow the Baptism of the Kievan Prince Vladimir.
It belonged to the Khazar Kaganate and the Golden Horde. It saw the Venetians and then Genoese constructing strongholds to control the Crimean lap of the famous Silk Road. Then it witnessed their fortresses falling into the hands of theTurks, when the independent Crimean Tartar Khanate became the vassal of the Ottoman Empire.

Crimean History
In 1783 the Russian Empress Catherine II made the Crimea to be "the most precious pearl of her crown" and in the next century it was turned into the magnificent resort of Russian nobility. It was the place of the terrible battles of the Crimean War and went through the ordeals of the World War II. It welcomed W.Churchill, F.Roosevelt and J. Stalin for the 1945 Yalta Conference and witnessed dramatic changes in the Soviet Union in 1991.
Many more great stories can be told about the rich history of the Crimea but the best is to come to enjoy its sea, climate, mountains and to discover for you the secrets of this crossroad of civilizations. The captivating nature and fascinating history of the Crimea used to inspire people from the times of antiquity. They say, for example, that Homer described the Balaklava harbor in the immortal "Odyssey". The famous Greek legend tells us about Iphigenia in Taurida (the ancient name of the Crimea) and about mysterious tribe of Tauri, which sacrificed the shipwrecked sailors to their Virgin Goddess. Now the Crimea became a unique historical and cultural preserve. It is a natural treasure-box.


The most interesting historical places of visit are: the remnants of the ancient Greek City- Chersonesus in Sevastopol and Pantikapey in Kerch, Genoase fortress in Sudak and Khanate Palace in Bakhchisaray - the former capital of Crimean Khanate; all so-called cave towns in the south-western Crimea (Mangup, Chufut-Kale, Eski-Kermen, Kalamita, Tepe-Kermen and others), which became the original tombstone of medieval period; nearly all Palaces of the Southern Coast - Livadia, Alupka, the gothic castle - Swallow Nest…
At the beginning of 20-th century vivid and original forms of Moslem architecture with their exotic and unexpected combinations were realized in villas of Simeiz and Mellas, in the palaces of Bukhara Emir, Kichkine and Dyulber in Greater Yalta.
The legendary past of the Crimea, beautiful nature, unusual landscapes always attracted writers and scientists, architects and artists, actors and musicians. Among them are: outstanding marine painter-Aivazovsky, greatest Russian poet A.Pushkin, L.Tolstoy, A.Mitskevich, I. Bunin, Kuprin, F.Shalyapin, A. Chekhov, A. Green and many others.
The center of Crimea 's southern coast is Greater Yalta - the former fashionable resort of Russian aristocracy and summer residence of tsar's family. Cultural - Historical Inhabited from times immemorial, the peninsula of the Crimea keeps the secrets and remains of different cultures and civilizations.
Now the Crimea is a famous health resort and a large center of tourism. Picturesque mountains, health climate, warm sea and beauty of nature attract tourists all over the world. This blissful land has all resources for development of practically all kinds of tourism.
Welcome to Crimea!!!